TOMOGRAFIA CONE BEAM NA ENDODONTIA CONTEMPORÂNEA

  • Samanta Dias Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade José do Rosário Vellano – Unifenas/Varginha
  • Valéria Meirelles Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade José do Rosário Vellano – Unifenas/Varginha
  • Walef Caetano Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade José do Rosário Vellano – Unifenas/Varginha
  • Patrícia Pereira Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade José do Rosário Vellano – Unifenas/Varginha
  • Sabastião Figueiredo Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade José do Rosário Vellano – Unifenas/Varginha
  • Lísia Gonçalves Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade José do Rosário Vellano – Unifenas/Varginha
  • Renata Soares Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade José do Rosário Vellano – Unifenas/Varginha
Palavras-chave: Tomografia computadorizada cone beam. Imagens tridimensionais. Endodontia.

Resumo

O exame por imagens é essencial para o diagnóstico e plano de tratamento em Endodontia, pois permite visualizar a integridade das estruturas circundantes e internas do elemento dentário, altamente relevantes durante a intervenção. Por se tratar de uma imagem bidimensional, a radiografia periapical convencional, apesar de ser a mais utilizada, apresenta limitações que dificultam ou impossibilitam um correto planejamento. A Tomografia Computadorizada Cone Beam (TCCB) é uma tecnologia que fornece profundidade em terceira dimensão melhorando a visualização de estruturas anatômicas. Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma revisão de literatura sobre a aplicabilidade da TCCB na Endodontia. Ao final do levantamento bibliográfico foi possível observar que existem vantagens na utilização da TCCB pela possibilidade de uma análise tridimensional que proporciona uma melhor qualidade de imagem em relação a radiografias periapicais. Este método mostrou ser superior no diagnóstico de lesões de origem endodôntica, de fraturas e reabsorção radicular, na avaliação da morfologia apical e do sistema de canais radiculares, além de auxiliar nas etapas operatórias e no acompanhamento dos casos clínicos. Conclui-se que a imagem fornecida pela TCCB tem um efeito significativo na determinação da etiologia das patologias endodônticas e na recomendação de tratamento, sendo um importante recurso auxiliar na prática endodôntica, o que proporciona um melhor diagnóstico e consequentemente um planejamento e prognóstico.

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Publicado
2020-12-29
Seção
Artigos